Vitiligo or leukoderma is a common skin pigmentation disorder that causes loss of skin pigment (melanin) and results in white patches on the body. It is an autoimmune condition in which the immune system destroys the skin pigment-producing cells melanocytes causing the target area to become lighter. This condition causes physical discomfort, and it affects one's look. Vitiligo may also be genetic and run in families. If someone in the family already has it or someone gets premature gray hair, then subsequent generations are likely to suffer from vitiligo. This condition can affect all races equally but is more noticeable in dark-skinned people and starts developing early in life between the age of ten and thirty.
While vitiligo is largely suspected due to autoimmune diseases, it can also be due to some viral cause, genetic disorder, exposure to harmful chemicals, or a neural disorder. Autoimmune diseases like Hashimoto’s thyroiditis or autoimmune thyroid disease and type-1 diabetes also raise the odds of vitiligo. Vitiligo can affect limited areas (localized), large areas (generalized), just the lips and fingertips (lip-tip vitiligo), or sometimes just mucosal surfaces like the genitalia.
At Dermapoint Clinic, the most promising and leading skin doctors provide the best vitiligo treatment. Vitiligo can cause psychological distress and hampers one’s appearance, and with vitiligo treatments, one can get back the desired look.
Vitiligo can affect any individual regardless of their gender or age and is generally categorized into segmental and non-segmental vitiligo. Segmental vitiligo is typically visible in children and affects only one side of the body, while non-segmental vitiligo is more generalized, and the white patches can be seen all over the skin. The disorder can also keep increasing and spreading (termed as progressive vitiligo) or stabilize and stop growing for months or years (stable vitiligo).
White patches on the skin characterize the main symptom of the disorder. These white patches or white spots generally have an irregular shape and no surface changes but increased photosensitivity. Therefore, it is recommended for the individual suffering from vitiligo to avoid prolonged exposure to sunlight. Vitiligo commonly affects body folds like armpits, previously injured places, areas consistently exposed to sunlight, the skin around moles or other body openings, eyelids, and hair. It is rare for the pigment to return naturally once the patches or spots have developed.
Vitiligo has considerable psychological morbidity and social stigma associated with it. It is important to remember that vitiligo is not contagious, and treatment for vitiligo exists using medical and surgical methods for re-pigmentation and subsequent maintenance of the skin tone.
A planned decision can help ensure a safe and successful procedure with optimum and desired results.
At Dermapoint, the experts utilize advanced medical solutions to provide vitiligo treatment.
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