Every individual has a different skin tone because of the difference in the amount of production of melanin (a pigment that gives color to the skin cells). Healthy skin cells produce the right amount of melanin in the skin, and the function of melanin pigment is to protect the skin from external factors such as the harmful sun rays. However, sometimes, these skin cells start producing too much melanin in some areas of skin than the surrounding areas resulting in the darkness of the skin. In medical terms, these dark spots are known as pigmentation, affecting people of all skin types, but this condition affects people with genetically darker skin tone.
The most common forms of pigmentation include melasma, sunspots, and post-inflammatory pigmentation, which can affect any part of the skin but mostly appear on the face, arms, and legs (or body areas exposed to the sun). Pigmentation is usually a harmless condition of the skin, but it still makes people get conscious of their uneven skin tone. Mostly people having pigmentation usually avoid attending social events and often apply makeup to hide the pigmentation spots.
Melasma: In this condition, gray or brown patches develop on the skin, mainly the facial skin. The exact reason for this ailment is still under research, but it is supposed to be caused by malfunctioning of melanocytes (cells that produce melanin) in the skin resulting in the overproduction of color. Other factors causing melasma include hormonal changes during pregnancy, excessive sun exposure, and many more.
Sunspots: These are brown spots that develop on the skin due to excessive exposure to the sun. These spots are harmless but cause an uneven skin tone, which does not look good at all. Therefore, it becomes the cause of concern as many persons feel embarrassed due to their uneven skin tone and try to avoid social gatherings.
Post-inflammatory pigmentation: Sometimes, conditions such as persistent time acne or severe acne leave dark mark spots behind after healing, and these dark spots are called post-inflammatory pigmentation spots.
The most common cause of pigmentation includes excessive production of melanin in the skin by the melanocyte cells. Several conditions affect the production of melanin in the body, such as during pregnancy, the hormonal level gets changes and affects the melanin production in some females. Another factor causing pigmentation is excessive sun exposure. The work of melanin is to protect the skin from harmful UV rays, but excessive sun exposure can affect the work of melanin resulting in dark spots on the skin. Aging is also a responsible factor for causing pigmentation.
Protect skin from UV radiation: One should avoid excessive exposure to UV light to lessen pigmentation chances. Therefore, wear full clothing and always apply sunscreen at least 15-30 minutes before going outside. Always apply sunscreen before stepping out to get the most protection.
Proper skin care: A person should follow everyday steps to look after their skin, which in turn will prevent pigmentation. Use gentle skincare products to avoid popping, scratching, blemishes of the skin. If one notices persistent skin concerns such as acne, they should get the treatment in the initial stages to prevent acne scar formation. Use a gentle moisturizer to reduce irritation after every bath.
Go for regular skin check-ups with a qualified dermatologist: Regardless of whether someone has dark spots or not, they should consult with their doctor about skin check-up as the skin works as a protective barrier against foreign agents.
The laser toning procedure uses a laser to penetrate the dermis, and once the laser energy penetrates, it will break apart the pigmentation.
Mesotherapy treatment helps address pigmentation and acne scarring concerns.
The growth factors and essential protein delivered by PRP treatment help to reduce pigmentation.
Photofacial treatment boosts facial collagen and is very much effective in reducing the appearance of age spots, pigmentation, and scarring.
Dr. Anju Mangla is an excellent dermatologist, does proper diagnosis and explains in details, very comforting experience with her, she managed to control my severe psoriasis without steroids, that's commendable, highly recommended.
I am taking treatment from her from last one month, I was suffering from Hairfall and it surprisingly stopped after two weeks. I would recommend her to everybody.
Me and my family is under her treatment for a significant amount of time now, and I must say she is one of the best out there, her diagnosis is always on point, I recommend her to everyone even for slightest of allergies, she is so experienced yet so humble.
I am taking treatment from Dr. Anju Mangla from last 5 months regarding Hair loss, great doctor, visual results hair loss stopped and regrowth started.
She is not only a wonderful doctor but also a great person. Very happy with her treatment. Had been going to so many doctors none could help as much as she did, Highly recommended.
She is an excellent doctor I have ever met. She knows her field better than anyone which results in Instant relief.