Teeth Alignment

Teeth Alignment

Malocclusion means that the teeth are not aligned properly. This treatment can be performed at any age. Various techniques are available including clear brackets in order to achieve dental aesthetics even during the treatment process.

Causes

In medical terms, occlusion means alignment of teeth and the way upper teeth fit with the lower teeth. Fitting of upper teeth should be slightly over the lower teeth. The molar points should fit the opposite molar grooves.  The upper cheek protects you from biting your cheeks whereas the lower tooth protects your tongue.

 

Mostly, malocclusion is hereditary. It is caused due to the difference between the size of the upper and lower jaws or between the jaw and tooth size. This will cause tooth overcrowding or abnormal bite patterns. The shape of the jaws or birth defects like cleft lip, as well as palate, might also cause this. Some other causes are as follows:

 

  • Thumb sucking in the childhood, tongue thrusting, use of pacifier beyond 3 years, prolonged use of the bottle
  • After a severe injury the jaw fractures causes misalignment
  • Lost teeth, extra teeth, abnormally shaped teeth or impacted teeth
  • Tumours of the mouth and jaw
  • Crowns, ill-fitting dental fillings, dental appliances, retainers or braces

There are different categories of malocclusion which are given below:

  • Class 1 – It is very common to get the bite malocculusion. Still the upper teeth slightly overlap the lower teeth.
  • Class 2 – Overlap of the upper jaw over the bottom jaw and teeth severely. This is called retrognathism or overbite.
  • Class 3 – If the lower jaw overlaps the upper jaw then it is called as prognathism or underbite

 

Symptoms

Symptoms for which you have to go for teeth alignment are as follows:

  • Alignment of teeth abnormally
  • The face appears abnormally
  • Speech difficulties including lisp
  • Difficulty or discomfort when biting or chewing
  • Inability to bite the food correctly
  • Mouth breathing (breathing through the mouth without closing the lips)

 

Exams and Tests

 A dentist finds out the teeth alignment problem during the routine examination. He might refer you to an orthodontist for diagnosis, as well as, treatment. You will be asked to do dental x-rays, head or skull x-rays or facial x-rays.

 

Treatment

 

Most of people have perfect teeth alignment. Most of the problems are minor and mostly will not require any treatment. The aim of the treatment is to correct the positioning of the teeth by correcting the moderate or severe malocclusion. They will make the teeth to clean easily and will also decrease the possibility of tooth decay and periodontal diseases. Eliminate strain on the teeth, jaws, and muscles. This lessens the breaking of a tooth and will also reduce symptoms of temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ).

 

Treatments for this are as follows:

 

  • Braces or other appliances
  • Removal of one or more teeth
  • Repair or rough teeth
  • Surgery

 

Doctor’s Point is the ideal place for teeth alignment. As we have a team of experts, we will do it perfectly and you need not worry about getting the right treatment.

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